Xinomavro, ‘Ramnista’, Kir-Yianni
100% Xinomavro (vines of 10-15 years age). The vineyards used for Ramnista have an overall southeast exposure at an altitude of 280-330 m. The estate is divided into a mosaic of 30 vineyard blocks of different mesoclimates with varying exposure, orientation, slope, soil type, rootstock, vine density and age, demanding tailor-made viticultural practices for each vineyard block. Rainfall is abundant during the winter months, but summers are so dry that regulated drip irrigation is applied to prevent water stress. Vine density ranges from 3,500 to 4,000 per hectare and the average crop yield is maintained below 2.5 kg per vine. About 5% of the estate is planted with various rare indigenous and international varieties for experimental purposes. For “Ramnista” grapes mostly from the vineyard blocks in the lower pH range and with lighter soil types to maximize the aromatic intensity and complexity are used. The grapes are handpicked and sorted on a conveyor belt before crush. There is a six–day pre-fermentation cold soak. Roughly one third of the wine ferments in open-top tanks with pigeage. 18 months in 225-lt and 500-lt French and American oak casks plus further ageing in bottle for another 6 months.